Why did some major powers not join the League of Nations 6?
The U.S. Congress, mainly led by
Motivated by Republican concerns that the League would commit the United States to an expensive organization that would reduce the United States' ability to defend its own interests, Lodge led the opposition to joining the League.
The League of Nations was established at the end of World War I as an international peacekeeping organization. Although US President Woodrow Wilson was an enthusiastic proponent of the League, the United States did not officially join the League of Nations due to opposition from isolationists in Congress.
Despite Wilson's efforts to establish and promote the League, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October 1919, the United States never joined.
Soviet Russia and the USA were not a part of the League of Nations. The League of Nations was an organisation formed based on 14 points presented by the then American President Woodrow Wilson during the Paris Peace Process on January 10, 1920.
American absence defanged the League, making it unable to effectively enforce its decisions, as without America's military presence the League lost the ability to create a formidable standing army, and so none was established.
Congress did not ratify the treaty, and the United States refused to take part in the League of Nations.
Why did the Americans not want to join the league of nations? They believed in isolationism and didn't want to get involved in Europe's affairs. Many Americans thought the Treaty of Versailles was unfair.
In November 1919 and in March 1920, the US Senate voted on the Treaty of Versailles, which contained the provision for America's entry into the League of Nations. Both votes failed to achieve the necessary ⅔ majority for ratification.
The U.S. Congress, mainly led by Henry Cabot Lodge, was resistant to joining the League, as doing so would legally bind the U.S. to intervene in European conflicts. In the end, the U.S. did not join the League, despite being its main architects.
Which major nations were not league members and how would this have weakened the league?
The absence of some key countries, such as the United States, the Soviet Union, and Germany, weakened the League's ability to effectively address global issues. Without the participation of these major powers, decisions made by the League lacked the necessary authority and resources to enforce its mandates.
Eventually, the Soviet Union joined the League of Nations on September 18, 1934, but it was expelled on December 14, 1939 after it invaded Finland on November 30, 1939.
The main impact of the United States' rejection of the League of Nations was that the organization ultimately collapsed. Furthermore, the U.S.'s reaction to and hostility toward the League weakened it, as its inception was predicated on the United States' involvement.
The League's power was weak because sanctions did not work, and it had no army. The strongest nation, the USA, never joined. Britain and France were not strong enough to impose peace of their own. The League's organization made it take a long time for things to be done, and decisions had to be unanimous.
The main problem with the League of Nations was that the Monroe Doctrine was violated. America was not supposed to interfere with European nations because it was an act of aggression. If the U.S. joined the League of Nations it would have brought the U.S. into foreign disputes, which would cause the violation.
At the end of World War I, President Wilson proposed the League of Nations as a way to facilitate international cooperation and avoid future wars. Other allied nations embraced the idea. However, Congress rejected the League of Nations.
The problem was that Wilson's vision did not take into account the claims of France and Britain and their allies. Its most noted legacy was in the establishment of the League of Nations (although unlike Wilson's ideal this was separate from the peace treaties and initially Germany was not admitted).
U.S. Senate: Senate Rejects the Treaty of Versailles.
The United States did not join the League of Nations at the end of World War I primarily due to opposition in the US Senate. The Senate was concerned about the potential loss of American sovereignty and the possibility of being dragged into future conflicts without the ability to make independent decisions.
The failures of the League in the 1930s were not only because of aggressor nations undermining its authority, but also down to its own members. Britain and France, the two most influential members, ignored the League in their efforts to appease Hitler - actions that arguably led to the outbreak of the Second World War.
What was a major problem with the League of Nations?
Why did the League of Nations fail? There had to be unanimity for decisions that were taken. Unanimity made it really hard for the League to do anything. The League suffered big time from the absence of major powers — Germany, Japan, Italy ultimately left — and the lack of U.S. participation.
American foreign policy debate over U.S. entry into the League of Nations-collective security versus national sovereignty, idealism versus pragmatism, the responsibilities of powerful nations, the use of force to accomplish idealistic goals, the idea of America.
The opposition came from two groups: the "Irreconcilables," who refused to join the League of Nations under any circumstances, and "Reservationists," led by Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman, Henry Cabot Lodge, who were willing to ratify the treaty with amendments.
Among the major differences are the rule of unanimity at the League of Nations versus the rule of the majority at the UN or the UN Security Council's competence to take binding decisions under certain circumstances.
Russia was expelled out of League of Nations for invading Finland and USA never joined the league, ironic because it was America who designed it and these were the two major countries who were not members of League of Nations.